Acne is a universal skin trouble that just about everyone, irrespective of their caste or creed, can experience. Approximately 85% of people experience acne to a certain degree during the teenage years when the hormones are raging. It is not a long-term problem for most people, and with little care, they can get rid of it.
However, for others, it can be lasting trouble and can carry on well beyond adolescence. So, treatment needs to be performed to correct the problem and ensure that the acne does not leave scarring. In the following lines, we shall learn more about acne, its stages, and different methods of Acne Treatment.
What Causes Acne?
Acne occurs due to a combination of a variety of factors. It takes place when the dead skin cells and the natural oil secretions, known as sebum, from the body start clogging the pores. Under normal circumstances, the dead skin cells just get removed. However, with them blocking the pores, the acne bacteria find a breeding ground, leading to acne breakouts.
Other factors such as a rise in hormonal levels and stress too cause acne breakouts. Although scientific research has thus far failed to find links, acne is also often associated with oily foods.
Types of Acne
The three main types of acne are mild, moderate, and severe, based on their impact on the skin.
- Mild acne is characterized by redness and bumps, mostly on the chin and the forehead. These can spread to other areas of the face as well. For the most part, mild acne is treatable with good hygiene maintenance.
- Moderate acne is a little bit more problematic with the appearance of pimples, inflammation in the skin, and deep abscesses. A person suffering from this stage should not delay treatment since doing so can worsen the situation and make it harder to treat as time goes by.
- Eventually, the final stage of acne is severe acne. In severe acne, deep ulcers and blisters can form, leading to scarring. This type of acne can be painful, and the scars it leaves are unsightly and need to be removed. People suffering from severe acne should not waste any time in getting it treated professionally.
Treatments for Acne
There are different types of treatments that can help counter acne trouble. We shall take a brief look into them.
These are the first option that most doctors recommend. They work pretty well, mainly when the problem is mild to moderate. However, dermatologists do not usually prescribe topical creams in severe acne cases.
Most anti-acne creams contain Retinoid (Vitamin A-based) and antibiotics. They can bring a fair bit of relief without causing too many side effects. The antibiotics help in killing the bacteria that cause acne. However, an antibiotic solution must be applied for a fair amount of time to achieve the desired results.
Oral medications can be pretty effective and are generally used with topical creams to attain the best possible results. Most commonly, antibiotics are combined with oral contraceptives. The latter is particularly effective in young females.
If the patient does not respond to the traditional treatments altogether, the doctor may opt for Isotretinoin. This medication is rarely used in severe acne cases due to the many side effects it possesses. It is generally the very last resort when it comes to acne medications.
Chemical peels are skin resurfacing acidic solutions that are available in different strengths. These can be quite effective for mild to moderate acne trouble. Chemical peeling kills the acne bacteria and allows healthier skin to replace the damaged skin.
Remember, it is best to let a professional apply the peels since doing it yourself increases the risk of burning the skin. Generally, the side effects are mild. There may be a short downtime as well in case of deep peels.
It is a treatment that uses a fractionated carbon dioxide laser to rid the skin of acne and acne scarring. When dealing with acne, the laser kills the acne-causing bacteria and unclogs the pores of the skin. While resolving the acne problem, this treatment also contributes to overall skin rejuvenation by stimulating collagen and elastin in the dermis.
The treatment is performed after applying topical anesthetics to mitigate the sensation of pain. Overall excellent results, no downtime, and very few side effects make this laser treatment the perfect anti-acne solution.
With multiple treatment options available, acne and its subsequent scarring are no longer a nightmare. However, proper diagnosis of an acne breakout is vital to get the most suitable acne treatment prescribed.
To learn more about Acne Treatment or schedule a procedure, visit us at Laser Skin Care Clinic. You can also sign up for a consultation with our experts by taking a minute to fill in the form below.