Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition caused due to an increase in melanin. Melanin is an essential component that gives skin its color. Certain life events such as pregnancy or Addison’s disease contribute to an abnormal melanin release, raising the risk of hyperpigmentation. Additionally, exposure to sunlight and some drugs also cause hyperpigmentation.
Chemical peeling is one of the most viable options to treat hyperpigmentation and pigmentation. Read on to know what chemical peels are and how they can help fix the hyperpigmentation issue.
What are Chemical Peels?
Chemical peeling is a skin rejuvenating treatment that helps solve various skin issues. Generally, a dermatologist applies a chemical peeling solution to your skin. This solution exfoliates the top skin layer, allowing a rejuvenated and fresh epidermal layer to replace it.
Since chemical peels help exfoliate the top skin layer, these solutions can cause mild irritation and redness in the treated area. However, this redness and irritation go away in a few days. Because of the zero-downtime involved, you can walk out of the clinic right after chemical peeling treatment and resume your routine commitments.
Chemical Peels for Pigmentation and Hyperpigmentation
Chemical peels help decompose melanin clusters causing pigmentation and hyperpigmentation. These peels differ based on types and concentrations. Mild chemical peels are safe enough to use at home and are ideal for treating surface-level pigmentations. On the other hand, you will need a more potent chemical peeling treatment by a professional to treat severe pigmentation issues.
The three most common types of chemical peels are:
- Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA)
- Beta hydroxy acid (BHA)
- Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
The depth at which a chemical peeling treatment works depends on the type and concentration of the acid used in the procedure. Even though you can get a light chemical peel regardless of the visibility of a dark spot, deeper peels always offer more dramatic results.
Now, let’s discuss some chemical peeling options to treat pigmentations of varying severities.
Glycolic acid peel
Glycolic acid peel, a type of AHA peel, is commonly used to treat dark spots. Since it is a milder chemical peeling solution that doesn’t penetrate deep into the skin, the glycolic acid peel is more suitable for surface pigmentations. Also, this chemical peeling solution causes minimal side effects. AHA peels, particularly glycolic acid peels, are better suited for dry skin.
Salicylic acid peel
Salicylic acid peel falls into the category of BHA peels. This chemical peeling option is also mild and thus safe for many skin types. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, salicylic acid peel helps treat dark spots caused by skin inflammation. This chemical peeling option helps treat pigmentation issues with oily skin.
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is a medium-deep peeling solution that helps treat severe hyperpigmentation issues. A concentration of 10–15% of TCA can treat light pigmentation. On the other hand, a 20–25% concentration of TCA can fix deeper hyperpigmentation spots.
Chemical peeling can treat many skin problems, including the hyperpigmentation issue. While mild chemical peeling solutions are safe to use at home, it is always recommended to speak to your dermatologist first.
To get in touch with the best dermatologists, visit Laser Skin Care Clinic and book a consultation.