Freckles and blemishes: symptoms, causes and cure

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Freckles and Blemishes

Freckles and blemishes are two most common skin conditions characterized by skin discoloration. Freckles may be described as flat, round dark patches of skin of varying sizes and colours. Blemishes on the other hand are discoloured areas on the skin, typically caused by acne breakouts. However, there are several types of blemishes caused by factors other than acne as well.

There are numerous factors responsible for appearance of freckles and blemishes on face, but it is believed that genetics and excessive sun exposure are two major causes of skin pigmentation. Since heredity and skin type are two important factors behind an individual’s tendency to develop freckles and blemishes, two people with same sunlight exposure may not have equal skin pigmentation.

Freckles and blemishes can affect people from all races and ethnicities. While both men and women can get afflicted by this skin condition, it is more common in women as compared to men, with American Academy of Dermatologists (AAD) claiming that 90 percent of those suffering from skin discoloration in the United States are young women with olive or brownish skin tone.

Luckily, there are numerous treatment options available to help people get rid of unsightly skin discoloration. These include microdermabrasion, skin peeling and Laser Photorejuvenation. Microdermabrasion and skin peeling are effective for mild to moderate skin pigmentation, affecting superficial layers of skin only. For deep skin pigmentation, Laser Photorejuvenation is the safest and most effective remedy. It works by breaking the clusters of melanin in the deep layers of skin, without damaging the superficial layers. It also causes mild to moderate skin peeling, thereby removing the damaged top layer of skin and revealing fresh and healthier skin underneath, free of freckles and blemishes.

Though cosmetic procedures for treating skin pigmentation are really effective, managing the problem is very important to get maximum results out of a skin pigmentation treatment. The most important thing when managing freckles and blemishes is to wear sunscreen regularly. Skin pigmentation, be it freckles, blemishes or melasma, is more sensitive to ultraviolet rays of sun and therefore appear more prominent during or after sun exposure. Sunlight also stimulates melanin production, making the condition even worse. Wear a broad spectrum sunscreen with sun protection factor 45 or above. Also avoid sun exposure by wearing a wide brimmed hat or taking an umbrella when going out during peak hours, from 10 am to 4 pm. Apply sunscreen half an hour before going out and reapply it after swimming or heavy sweating. Even under normal circumstances reapply sunscreen after every 2 to 3 hours.

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