For a teenager, nothing can be scarier than Acne. It has the habit of breaking out all of a sudden. There is little that can be done when it breaks out apart from waiting or using any medication that is available. For most people, it is a phenomenon that takes place during adolescence and is gone by the age of 20. However, some continue to suffer from acne for a longer period of time and it can affect the personality in a negative manner.
In the following lines, we shall learn more about the symptoms of acne, the triggers, its avoidance and the various treatment options that are available.
Typical symptoms of acne
The most common symptoms of acne include appearance of pimples on the face, neck, back and the chest of a person. These can last from days to weeks at a time and even longer. The appearance of white heads blackheads is generally another common symptom of acne. In extreme cases, acne can leave cystic lesions which not only hurt but can also leave permanent scars on the body.
Usual acne causes
The main culprit in the appearance of acne are the clogged pores in the skin. This generally happens due to the mixing of dead skin cells and sebum produced by the skin. Certain bacteria are formed in these conditions which are more than useful for development of acne. Hormonal changes and poor hygiene are also responsible for acne appearance.
Steps to avoid acne
It is no rocket science and can be done with relative ease. The first and foremost step is to maintain very good hygiene. Ensuring that you skin remains clean helps avoid clogging in the pores which is one of the main factors aiding acne. It is important to cleanse the skin regularly. Exfoliate the skin regularly and be sure to apply a moisturizer at least once a week.
At the same time, maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle is critical as well. Eat a wholesome diet that fulfills all the daily nutritional requirements. Be sure to drink lots of water as it helps in the skin in remaining healthy and cleanses the body as well. A link between acne and diet has yet to be established but most people can get acne after eating certain foods so be sure to avoid them as well. Exercise and sleep well to remain healthy in general and to ward off any acne trouble.
Treatments for acne
There are numerous Acne treatments that are available and we shall look at them briefly in the following lines.
These are naturally the first option that the doctors use for the purpose of getting rid of acne. There are different kinds of creams that are available which look to get rid of the bacteria that cause acne in the first place. These are usually antibiotics and retinoid based. They are useful for mild acne and need to be applied for some time to get desired results.
These too can be effective in getting rid of acne trouble. They can be given along with topical creams to achieve the desired outcome. Usually antibiotics are used for killing the acne causing bacteria. Combined oral contraceptives can also be used especially for young girls as a form of acne treatment. If nothing else works, isotrentinoin may be given by the doctors. This oral drug works well when a person stops responding to other treatments but is rarely used due to its severe side effects.
Fractional CO2 is used for the purpose of dealing with acne. It works by killing the acne causing bacteria and unclogging the pores at the same time. It resurfaces the skin to achieve the task. The treatment needs to be repeated a few times to achieve the desired outcome. Since there is some stinging feeling during the treatment, topical anesthetics are applied prior to the treatment. The treatment is also quite effective for getting rid of acne scarring.
These are acidic solutions available over the counter at the drug stores that can be applied to the skin to kill acne causing bacteria and get rid of acne. Like laser skin resurfacing, it is also useful for getting rid of acne scarring as well. A few applications are needed to get the intended results.
It is important that the treatment is provided by a professional in a proper setting since that removes the risk of burning the top layer of the skin which can happen when an amateur applies the peels.
To learn more about Acne treatment or to schedule a procedure, visit us Laser Skin Care. You can also sign up for a free online consultation by simply taking a minute to fill in the form given below.