Melasma is one of the most common skin conditions affecting many women worldwide. It is one of the different types of skin pigmentation, marked by brown patches on the face. The primary cause of this skin discoloration is excessive melanin production, commonly due to hormonal changes and excessive sun exposure.
Melasma marks usually appear on your face due to many reasons. But the good news is there are various treatment options available to help you counter this problem well. This article provides a brief overview of those options.
Natural Remedy – Onion Juice and Apple Cider Vinegar
Onion juice and Apple Cider Vinegar are two time-tested home remedies that help restore natural skin tone. Here is how to use these items to treat melasma.
- Finely chop two medium-sized onions and put the pieces in clean cheesecloth to squeeze the juice.
- Then, mix equal amounts of onion juice and apple cider vinegar and apply it to the melasma patches using a cotton ball.
- After that, leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes, and then rinse off with lukewarm water.
- Repeat this process twice daily for 4 to 6 weeks to see the results.
Medication is the second step in treating melasma when home remedies fail to deliver favorable results. Here is a list of medications that may help remove melasma patches on your face.
- Tretinoin and corticosteroids: These are skin whitening medicines and are pretty helpful in treating melasma. These medicines are usually available in creams.
- Hydroquinone: This medicine is a fast-action solution to help treat melasma. Hydroquinone is available only through prescription because of its aggressive nature.
- Topical medicines: Sometimes, your dermatologist may prescribe kojic or azelaic acid to reduce melasma marks.
The two most effective cosmetic procedures for unsightly melasma marks include chemical peeling and Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL).
- Chemical Peels: Chemical peels offer an effective solution for mild to moderate melasma in the topmost skin layer. A chemical solution is applied to the affected areas to gently peel damaged skin and reveal smoother, evenly toned layers beneath.
- Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL): Light therapy treats stubborn melasma marks. This procedure uses light waves of a specific wavelength to disperse melanin accumulated under the skin without damaging the epidermis.
Tips to Prevent Melasma
No doubt, the above-stated natural remedies, medications, and cosmetic procedures are highly effective in removing unsightly melasma marks. But prevention is always better than cure.
Excessive sun exposure is the primary cause of all sorts of skin pigmentation issues. Therefore, it is vital to limit sun exposure to a safe level and avoid going out in the sun unprotected. If necessary, put on a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 35 or more. You can also wear a hat or use an umbrella to limit sun exposure.
Melasma is often confused with freckles and blemishes. But it is entirely a different skin problem. Remember melasma marks are typically larger and darker with irregular shapes and mostly appear on the nose, cheeks, and upper lips. And, as discussed above, this skin condition is both preventable and treatable.
If you are seeking Melasma Treatment, visit Laser Skin Care Clinic today and get it effectively treated by a team of highly skilled and experienced laser experts.