Melasma refers to sudden appearance of dark colored patches on skin without any obvious reason. Most people confuse melasma with freckles, believing that their freckles have started to become larger. While freckles can affect any part of your body including face, neck, arms, chest and back, melasma affects only three distinctive areas of – nose, upper cheeks and forehead.
Melasma is a benign skin condition that does not pose any health risk, and is not contagious even i.e. it cannot spread by touching others. If you have melasma marks your friends and family are not at all at a risk of developing these dark spots just because they are sharing a room with you or they are lunching with you. Now, the million dollar question that can come in your mind is that if it is benign and not contagious then why is it important to get melasma treated as soon as it is noticed.
The answer to the question is simple, because it does not look aesthetically good. People seek melasma treatment only for cosmetic reasons, as these marks don’t look aesthetically good. Most people wonder that what if they have just a small patch on their cheek or nose and that patch is not quite visible? Never take melasma easy, it spreads very quickly. You can develop more and more dark patches, particularly if you are not addressing the basic cause of melasma.
One factor that worsens the condition is sun light. The ultraviolet rays of sun serve as a common root cause as well as one of the strongest triggers of melasma. Whether you have got skin pigmentation due to excessive sun exposure, pregnancy, hormonal changes or any other factor, exposing your skin to sun with wearing a sunscreen will further worsen the condition. Melasma marks appear on your skin due to excessive production of melanin by the melanocyte cells. UV rays of sun stimulate melanin production, making the condition worse.
If you want to stop spreading of melasma, not only limit your time in the sun but also see a dermatologist to get the condition treated at the earliest. Avoid going out during the day time, especially between 10 am and 4 pm because during this time the UV rays are at their strongest. If necessary, wear a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) 45 or above. If you will not get your melasma treated and avoid the triggers, these unsightly dark spots will continue to increase.
Laser Skin Care offers free online consultations to its prospective clients from all over the world. Fill the consultation form and get a chance to discuss your concerns with our highly skilled dermatologist.