Do you have uneven skin tone? Are you seeking an effective solution for dark patches on your face? These dark patches, also known as skin discoloration or pigmentation, are the result of excessive melanin production by the melanocytes. There are various triggers of this skin problem, but excessive sun exposure is the most common cause of pigmentation. Ultraviolet rays of sun activate the melanocytes (cells responsible for producing skin pigment – melanin)
There are numerous really effective pigmentation treatments available to even out your skin tone and texture. However, before moving on to that it is important to determine the type of hyperpigmentation you are suffering from, since this will help you determine the right course of treatment. There are various forms of pigmentation and all of them vary in severity, shape and color.
- Melasma is the most common type of hyperpigmentation caused by hormonal fluctuations and characterized by dark brown patches on cheeks, nose and upper lips.
- Freckles are caused by excessive exposure to sunlight and mostly appear on forehead and cheekbones
- Liver spots or age spots are found in elderly people (over the age of 60) and are caused by exposure to ultraviolet rays of sun
- Post-inflammatory pigmentation, as is obvious from the name, is caused by skin inflammation or skin injury like acne, burns or psoriasis. Allergic reaction to a cosmetic product or medication can also lead to hyperpigmentation
Mild to moderate pigmentation can be effectively treated with topical applications containing either of Hydroquinone, Kojic acid, Azelaic acid and Mandelic acid. These topical treatments primarily work by inhibiting the melanin production, but they also exfoliate the affected top layers of skin to reveal fresh, clear skin underneath free of freckles and blemishes.
If topical treatments fail to treat hyperpigmentation, your dermatologist may recommend you some professional pigmentation treatment. Options that you have include:
- Chemical Peels – A chemical solution will be applied to the darkened areas to gradually peel off affected skin and reveal clear, flawless skin underneath.
- Microdermabrasion – Microdermabrasion uses tiny aluminum oxide crystals or a diamond tip wand to gently buff away the outermost damaged layers of skin
- Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL) – Light therapies not only help break the accumulated melanin underneath the epidermis but also inhibit excess melanin production
- Laser Skin Resurfacing – Laser skin resurfacing works just like IPL but it uses laser beams to achieve the desired results
Laser Skin Care offers all these skin rejuvenating procedures to help you say good bye to dark patches and regain smooth, clear skin free of freckles and blemishes. If you are interested, contact us today and get our experts’ advice. We also offer free online consultations. To book a free consultation click here.